India Brief

India is a land of sages & seers, rajahs and ranis, religions, cultures, festivals, places and food. India has a total population of about 110 crores (1100 million) out of which Hindus constitute about 80%, Muslims 13%, Christians 2%, Sikhs about 2%, Buddhists about 0.8% and Jains about 0.6%. It has a rich heritage of different cultures and traditions, handed down through ages. While Hindi is the official national language of the country, English is the common medium of communication. Besides Hindi and English major languages spoken in India are Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sindhi, Tamil and Telugu. Sanskrit is an ancient language of India. It is also known as divine language being the language of Vedas (ancient sacred writings of Hinduism). Though the language is still extant, it only used for religious purposes.

India is one of the most happening nations in the world, reckoned to be an emerging force in the IT and space research. Though agriculture is the major contributor to the the country’s revenue, it has industrialised to a great extent to catch up with world economy and provide large scale employment. It is also one of the most sought after nations for IT outsourcing, BPO, automobile and retail markets. India has its own negatives, population being number one in the list and a great cause for concern. India is only second to China in the terms of population. Varying political conditions, significant population below poverty line and other internal bureaucratic systems are the other negatives that may impede India’s faster growth. On the other hand, India has a huge young and middle age English speaking population which can provide India the required driving force.

India is a major destination for tourists. From Kashmir(North of India) to Kannyakumari(extreme southern tip of India) and from North-east to the Western part of India, there are many historical and interesting places to see. There are plenty of ancient, medieval and modern temples, palaces, monuments, Buddhist sites through out the country. This country is also the site of highly developed ancient civilizations.

India is also the largest film industry in the world. About 1000 films are produced annually, the major numbers coming from Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Marathi. Apart from this Malayalam, Punjabi and Bengali films are also produced in significant numbers.